The temporomandibular joint or TMJ serves as a sliding hinge that attaches the jawbone to the skull. There is one TMJ on each side of the jaw. TMJ dysfunction occurs when this joint is affected, which leads to pain and trouble with jaw movements. In most cases, it is hard to find out the underlying cause, but a combination of many factors like jaw injury, arthritis, and genetics can be a possible trigger. Below are some common options to treat temporomandibular joint dysfunction.
Some lifestyle changes can help you control symptoms of TMJ dysfunction more effectively:
– Cold or heat: Apply ice or moist, warm heat to the affected area can help relieve pain.
– Massage and stretching: Exercises could strengthen and stretch jaw muscles. Massaging can also help relieve the pain.
– Sticking to soft foods and avoid gum, chewy, or sticky foods.
– Cut foods into small pieces.
– Practice relaxation techniques to relieve stress. (Source)